Q. When paraphrasing the ideas of a theorist as described in a text written by someone else, how does one cite this? Should it be theorist (as cited by

If one is citing a theorist like Glasser as described by someone else and one writes, Glasser believes that ...Should one cite like this... Glasser (as cited in Bucher & Manning, 2007, pp. XX) believes.


You are asking about citing an indirect or secondary quote.  Each format style handles this situation differently.  However, in all cases, you must cite both sources. 

The link below (for APA) from the Castle Cat Community Guide for Citation contains the Tip Sheet for Indirect Sources for APA, MLA and Chicago.




  • Last Updated Jul 01, 2016
  • Views 964
  • Answered By Christina DiCarro

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